Saturday, May 23, 2020

Libraries in the Ancient World by Lionel Casson - 1506 Words

â€Å"Libraries in the Ancient World† by Lionel Casson â€Å"Libraries in the Ancient World† by Lionel Casson is the book that details inclusive study of libraries in the ancient world and provides the origination of the libraries to its founding and development starting in the western world from the ancient Near East to the early Byzantine period. As the history tells ancient writing pertains that there have been the foundation of the libraries and the most helping archeology remains of the Sumerians details on the idea that number of sites has laid bare library remains. Lionel Casson in the book compact the ideas of the libraries throughout the history focusing on writings and civilization beginning from the ancient Near East, Greece, Roman Empire, Alexandria, and the middle ages. Not only that Casson also relates the development and archeological facts of the ancient library systems, holdings and addresses the connection between the rise in education and literacy, al so the early development of the public libraries. The authors provides us various information about the ancient libraries providing their holdings, nature of publishing in the Greek and Roman world, also the transformation of the nature of the library holdings. Casson take on the Near East does provide fact about the writings and their civilization but does not add to the histories of the libraries but prelude that the archives preservation was natural way to collect the textual past in that era. â€Å"In ancient timesShow MoreRelatedReligious Beliefs of the Egyptians2086 Words   |  9 Pagesenvironment influenced daily life religious beliefs of the Egyptians Ancient Egypt had a complex array of religious belief systems. Ancient Egyptian religious beliefs can be linked with the environment that they lived in. There are many myths relating to the creation of the world, all these have the environmental representation within them. The life and death cycle of the Egyptians was represented in the patterns of nature. Ancient Egyptians believed in many unique existences in the afterlife. Egyptians

Tuesday, May 19, 2020

Peer and Self Assessment Strategies for University Students

1.0 Introduction The topic of self assessment and peer assessment among university students is fueling a lot of debate from scholars and practitioners in the education specialty. This owes to the reality that Nulty (2011) completed a study on the topic in question. It is necessary to define the terms self and peer assessments because their definitions are vital ingredients to the upcoming discussion. Consequently, (White, 2009) reveals that self-assessment requires an individual to evaluate him or herself. In addition, the same author also defines peer assessment as an evaluation where the efforts of a learner are evaluated by his/her peers. This study identifies the reality that even though various scholars have studied the topic in†¦show more content†¦In the self and peer assessments, students participate in setting the criteria, evaluating performance, and providing feedback. The authors advise that even though students participate in the assessment process, the teachers should always ma ke the final decision. Thus, self and peer assessments encourages students to appreciate the procedure of evaluating and making judgments. Furthermore, the use of peer assessment strategies promotes team work among learners, which is an essential quality to employers. Furthermore, self and peer assessments enables learners to reflect on individual performances by evaluating themselves. Therefore, peer and self-assessment implies that there is lower teacher involvement and increased student involvement that in co-assessments. This lowers the burden to educators by reducing the time and effort of assessing students individually. In fact, this time and effort could be used in different areas that benefit both students and teachers. The fact that peer and self assessments not only encourages learners to acquire knowledge, but also to evaluate knowledge implies that this technique encourages deeper learning. Since the use of peer and self and peer assessment encourages deeper learning, i t sufficed to mention that it transforms students to problem solvers. This surpasses the traditional assessment that developedShow MoreRelatedThe Common Mission Of Most Universities889 Words   |  4 PagesThe common mission of most universities is to produce graduates who are lifetime learners with the ability to monitor their own development and assess their learning. Metacognition is the process of â€Å"thinking about thinking.† Building metacognitive skills is essential to students as these skills assist them in recognizing and controlling their intellectual achievement. Metacognition allows people to take charge of their own learning. It involves awareness of how they learn, an evaluation of theirRead MoreThe Role Of Peer Assessment On The Classroom1496 Words   |  6 Pagesrole of peer-assessment in the classroom As I have been investigating the role of peer-assessment in writing I have reviewed the literature concerning the implementation of these methods in the classroom. Falchikov Goldfinch (2000, p. 287) give a definition of peer and self-assessment as; ‘In both of these activities, students are engaging with criteria and standards, and applying them to make judgements. In self assessment, students judge their own work, while in peer assessment they judgeRead MoreThe Assessment Strategy And Feedback System860 Words   |  4 PagesPATCH 3: Excerpt from report to Manager Across Higher Education there have been changes in the assessment strategy and feedback system especially over the past ten years.Our student populations are becoming more diverse and hence a drive to concentrate on the what, why and when the assessment task is undertaken is essential (Brown, S., 2004, pp82). If assessment is essential to learning, then giving feedback becomes the heart of the process. Hence, I have decided to critically look at the currentRead MoreScotland Re Evaluated Assessment Strategies Essay967 Words   |  4 PagesScotland re-evaluated assessment strategies which saw the Assessment is for learning (Aifl) initiative implemented in 2002 which aimed to improve children’s life chances through a more coherent system (Gov.scot, 2005). The revised system, A Framework for Assessment (BtC5), incorporates principles of Curriculum for Excellence (CFE) and the values of Aifl, which collectively aim to support pupil progression. Furthermore, they aim to build confi dent individuals and successful learners (EducationscotlandRead MoreSocial Media And Web 2.0 Tools789 Words   |  4 Pagesexperience with Self- Regulated Learning Self-regulated learning is a total work of the human brain; it entails attention, concentration, self-assessment, change and responsibility for one in learning. Research states that self-regulation possibly have little to do with intelligence and development. Psychologist in the year of 1960 studied how they discovered the ability to delay gratification is by forming the basic for self-control. A person character play a role in the definition of self-regulatedRead MoreUnderstand theories, principles and applications of formal and informal assessment1510 Words   |  7 Pagestheories, principles and applications of formal and informal assessment Introduction In this assignment I will briefly discuss the various types of assessment available to myself as a teacher in the lifelong learning sector, highlighting some methods of assessment and their qualities and the involvement of IT as an assessment resource and learners in the assessment process. There are primarily four different types of assessment used whilst teaching in the lifelong learning sector, all asRead MorePeer Victimization And Academic Performance1550 Words   |  7 Pagesperformed on peer victimization and academic performances to improve teacher-student relationships. The proposal provides experiences of peers, teachers, and counselors giving intervention to understand the behaviors of peers and lack of poor academic performances. The proposal demonstrates the modifications, behaviors, and attention among genders to explain the internalized and externalize problems. Peer victimization appears in early ages to adolescences. Early indications state peer victimizationRead MoreEssay about Business Forecasting Group Project1318 Words   |  6 PagesECON2209, Business Forecasting, 2014 S1 Course Project (14% + 3% in Total) 1. This project has a value of 14% of the total assessment. In addition, there is a teamwork component worth 3%. The teamwork mark will be based on the online self and peer assessment (see Teamwork Assessment section at the end of this document). 2. This project must be completed in a group of 3 or 4 students. The members of a group come from the same tutorial class. Groups have been alphabetically assigned. Each group is identifiedRead MoreEssay about The Demands of Middle School Writing1471 Words   |  6 PagesAll middle school students, grades 6-8, are required to develop well-written compositions. According to the Louisiana Depart of Education (2008), to meet the demands of the comprehensive curriculum, these students are required to write complex multi-paragraph compositions with a clearly focused main idea and developed with relevant ideas, organization patterns, and structure that communicates clearly to the reader. The grade-level expectation also states that the students are required to use a varietyRead MoreGuidelines And Principles Of A Survey847 Words   |  4 PagesLeadership Skill Development and Opportunities for Our Students: We promote and strengthen the development of interpersonal, leadership, cross-cultural communication and personal skills that enhance and complement the academic performance of students and the achievement of their career aspirations. The Student Leadership Program is a multi-year program that facilitates leadership development throughout a participant’s tenure at our university. The program is guided by and will instruct participants

Monday, May 11, 2020

Possession in The Exorcist Essay - 2374 Words

Being Possessed The idea of possession can frighten many people. What horror movie producers and directors that go into this field are counting on is that they can use it to frighten their viewers. The Exorcist and The Exorcist Beginning both are centered on the act of exorcism. Both demoniacs in the films are women though their fates are polar opposites. The exorcisms are also shown in different lights. This is done through special effects as well as lighting and music. The first film in the series stays with a cut and dry method of keeping mainly to the exorcism itself; however, its prequel focuses more on fancy special effects and stimulating music. The newest addition to The Exorcist series also adds in the usual Hollywood†¦show more content†¦And Jesus asked him, saying, What is thy name? And he said, Legion: because many devils were entered into him. 31 And they besought him that he would not command them to go out into the deep. 32 And there was there an herd of many swine feed ing on the mountain: and they besought him that he would suffer them to enter into them. And he suffered them. 33 Then went the devils out of the man, and entered into the swine: and the herd ran violently down a steep place into the lake, and were choked (Luke, 8:30-33). Not only did He bring exorcism into the Christian faith, but also by bringing it to his apostles, he set the precedent for future exorcisms through their techniques (Brakke, 1). These techniques have been continued throughout the following ages to expel a multitude of demons and spirits. The exorcism itself involves a holy man as well as the correct materials. The exorcist is usually a priest or other clergy official of the church clothed in surplice and a violet stole. The tools that they need include the crucifix, holy water, and any saint relics (Nauman, 41). The exorcism is to be repeated if necessary to fully drive out the demon. After such event, the cured person is to seek a life in Christ by devotion and spread the word of the Lord. This fills the gap left by the demon so that it can never return (Baker, 109). Exorcism is not as much of a hot topic andShow MoreRelatedThe Exorcist Defines the Horror Genre Essay1482 Words   |  6 Pagesthe air around Halloween, the film industry likes to fill in the holes between its major grossing seasons by filling the audience with fear. However, it was Christmas of 1973 that defined the new age of Horror, when William Friedkin released The Exorcist. According to Julia Heimerdinger of Academia’s online journal, Horror, as a whole, can be identified by its heavy emphasis on evoking emotion; specifically those emotions that make the audience feel uncomfortable (panic, shock, disgust, fear, etc)Read MoreThe Effects Of Exorcism On The Evil Spirit1374 Words   |  6 Pageswatch. But in reality, behind every exorcism there is an exorcist that risks his life to save another: â€Å"And the exorcist, who risks more than anyone else in an exorcism, flits across the screen as necessary but, in the end, not so interesting as the sound effects† (Marti n 8). Exorcists are the survivors and storytellers of these unexplainable events. The exorcists usually fall into a distinct category with their characteristics. Most exorcists look similar and have similar ways of life: â€Å"UsuallyRead MoreThe Godfather, The Exorcist, And The Silence Of The Lambs1558 Words   |  7 PagesThe Godfather, The Exorcist, and The Silence of the Lambs are three films that are often given the title â€Å"greatest of all time† in their respective genre, for very good reason. Each film consists of scenes that are crafted so unforgettably that the scenes leave each viewer with a sense of awe, shock, and horror when each scene is carefully examined. The Godfather, distributed in 1972 by Paramount Pictures, was directed by Francis Ford Coppola who in an interview said in regards to his filmmakingRead MoreExorcism And Harijan Possession During Modern Society1206 Words   |  5 Pagest.Catholic Exorcism and Harijan Possession in Modern Society What is the importance of Catholic exorcism and Harijan possession rituals in today’s society? Each group of people still practices rituals of exorcism, and although there are some differences between each practice, there are more similarities than variations. There is a sense of importance in the very fact that exorcism and possession practices are still happening in the present day in America and India, and they are strongly linkedRead MoreExorcism: Beliefs Practices1906 Words   |  8 Pagesstories written and performed relating to exorcism- both claiming to be true and fictional- and it was a topic I was deeply curious to learn more about. This paper will explore the history and beliefs of exorcism and will also explore the role of the exorcist, which is the person who is intended to rid the affected of their demon(s) (Toner). History Exorcism, by definition and history is a strictly religious act or rite. It has strongly been related to the Catholic Church and Christian ceremoniesRead MoreThe Possession of Roland Doe1346 Words   |  6 Pagesassociated with possession. A possession is having control or owning (Farlex). When a person is possessed they have no control over their feelings or actions a majority of the time. The reason it is called a possession is because, when one is possessed, the spirit or demon has control over that person. The possession and exorcism of Roland Doe is one of the most documented possessions in history. Many still believe the case as fictional, but there is significant evidence of Doe’s possession. The exorcismRead MoreA Distinct Fascination With Exorcisms1602 Words   |  7 PagesIt is the focus of many movies and T.V.programs, however exorcism and possession are topics that should not be used for the purpose of entertainment. Exorcism is the healing rite through which a person is released from the clutches of an impure spirit. Through the Gospels of Matthew, Mark, and Luke, the Church finds the origin of this sacred rite. These three gospels hold a plethora of information about exorcism and possession in both individual accounts and logically stringing together informationRead MoreChristian Supernatural Of The United States1410 Words   |  6 PagesChristian Demonic Exorcism in the United States The act of possession was a considered a source of illness that required a ritual type of healing to remove the demons or spirits taking control of that its host. Exorcism was used as this type of healing that occurred all around the world, including the United States. Christianity believed that there were demons that harassed, tormented and possessed humans which came from the New Testament. We learned that Satan was in charge of these acts inRead MoreRichard, By William Shakespeare1207 Words   |  5 Pagesthe play, Richard uses two forms of power, manipulation and misogyny, to accomplish his goal. This manipulations starting from the very beginning of the play and drives him until the end. Furthermore, through a close examination of scene from â€Å" The Exorcist† (1973) a closer parallel can be drawn between Richard and devil, and how they both use casual possessed power and hidden power. Richard is like a wolf in sheep’s clothing and a silent killer. â€Å"What black magician conjures up this fiend To stop devotedRead MoreThe Effects Of Demonic Possession And Psychological Illness1461 Words   |  6 PagesMany have tried to argue for the existence of demonic possession, some even go so far as to say that demonic possession and psychological illnesses are fundamentally different. If mental illness and demonic possession are not simply different names for the same thing, then we are left with two possibilities. Either they are unrelated phenomena, or there is some kind of association between them. Of course, even if they are unrelated, they may still be confused with each other because of superficial

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

Essay on Another Heart of Darkness - 1021 Words

Ignorance and Racism Joseph Conrad develops themes of personal power, individual responsibility, and social justice in his book Heart of Darkness. His book has all the trappings of the conventional adventure tale - mystery, exotic setting, escape, suspense, unexpected attack. Chinua Achebe concluded, quot;Conrad, on the other hand, is undoubtedly one of the great stylists of modern fiction and a good story-teller into the bargainquot; (Achebe 252). Yet, despite Conrads great story telling, he has also been viewed as a racist by some of his critics. Achebe, Singh, and Sarvan, although their criticisim differ, are a few to name. Normal readers usually are good at detecting racism in a book. Achebe acknowledges Conrad camouflaged racism†¦show more content†¦Marlow felt pity toward the natives, yet when he met the stations book keeper he changed his views of the natives. quot;Moreover I respected the fellow. Yes. I respected his collars, his vast cuffs, his brushed hair. His appearance was certainly great demoralization of the land he kept up his appearancequot; (Conrad 21). Marlow praised the book keeper as if he felt its the natives fault for living in such waste. the bureaucracy only cared about how he looked and felt. The bookeeper did not care for the natives who were suffering less than fifty feet from him. He stated the natives werent criminals but were being treated as if they were, but at the same time he respected the book keeper on his looks instead of despising him for his indifference. Conrad considered the Africans inferior and doomed people. Frances B. Singh, author of The Colonialistic Bias of Heart of Darkness said quot;The African natives, victims of Belgian exploitation, are described as shapes, shadows, and bundles of acute angles, so as to show the dehumanizing effect of colonialist rule on the ruledquot; (269-270). Another similar incident of quot;double speakquot; appeared on the death of Marlows helmsman. Marlow respected the helmsman, yet when the natives blood poured into Marlows shoes, quot;To tell you the truth, I was morbidity anxious to change my shoes and socksquot; (Conrad 47). How can someone respect yet feel disgusted towardsShow MoreRelatedSimilarities Of Imperialism In Heart Of Darkness And Apocalypse Now830 Words   |  4 Pagessimilarity present in all 3 stories. In the Heart of Darkness European Imperialism and its’ cruelty is displayed, while in Apocalypse Now we see American Imperialism fighting the Vietnam War. Hearts of darkness also has some imperialism, but it is hidden in metaphors, showing ‘’imperialism’’ of human soul. Next, main protagonist is sent to explore ‘’the darkness’’, in Heart of Darkness it is Marlow, in Apocalypse now it is Willard and in the Hearts of Darkness it is director and Frencis Coppela’s wifeRead More The Role of Kurtz’s Intended in Joseph Conrad’s Heart of Darkness1580 Words   |  7 PagesThe Role of Kurtz’s Intended in Joseph Conrad’s Heart of Darkness Very often in literature minor characters appear for only a short time in the story but carry a very heavy significance in the overall meaning of the book. Kurtz’s Intended, in Joseph Conrad’s Heart of Darkness, is this kind of character. The unnamed woman only appears for a brief period at the end of the novel, but Conrad includes her for three very crucial reasons. He has Kurtz’s fiancà ©e appear to provide a justification forRead MoreSimilarities Between Heart Of Darkness And Apocalypse Now922 Words   |  4 Pages The Heart of Darkness, by Joseph Conrad, illustrates one’s voyage on the Congo River, into the heart of darkness of Africa, told by the narrator Charles Marlow. Similar to the novel, Apocalypse Now focuses on a captain in the Vietnam War ordered to assassinate a colonel, named Kurtz. Each of these works convey an important time in American history, highlighting the era of imperialism and that of the Vietnam War. Overall, Apocalypse Now can be seen as a direct parallel to Heart of Darkness, shownRead MoreThe Journey In â€Å"Heart Of Darkness† Spans Not Only The Capricious1222 Words   |  5 PagesThe journey in â€Å"Heart of Darkness† spans not only the capricious waters extending our physical world, but also the perplexing ocean which exists in the heart of man. Through Marlow s somewhat overenthusiastic eyes, we perceive the mystery that is humanity, and the blurred line between darkness and light. It is an expedition into the deepest crevices of the human he art and mind bringing on an awareness, and finally descending into the abyss of hell abiding in each of us. Conrad’s use of wordplayRead MoreBehind the Name Heart of Darkness Essay978 Words   |  4 Pagesreader only gradually. Using Heart of Darkness, show how the significance of its title is developed through the author’s use of devices such as contrast, repetition, allusion, and point of view. Behind The Name Heart of Darkness The heart of darkness in the title Heart of Darkness by Joseph Conrad is the heart of Africa, the heart of everything that is the rejection of established social principles and beliefs, corrupt, and barbaric, and perhaps the heart of man. Conrad, ending the bookRead MoreEssay on Heart of Darkness1208 Words   |  5 PagesJoseph Conrads The Heart of Darkness is a dark and haunting tale about the search for a substantial and mysteriously powerful man named Mr. Kurtz. Heart of Darkness centers around Marlow, a sailor and also narrator of the novella. Throughout the work, Conrad uses an array of literary devices to suggest his style of writing. The title of the work itself, The Heart of Darkness, is an example of the use of metaphor. Darkness is a significant part of the books title conceptually. However, it isRead MoreThe Ideas of Reality and Perception in Heart of Darkness1350 Words   |  6 Pageswe have been reading. The Heart of Darkness explores reality and perspective in several interesting ways; these include amongst others the interplay of reality and objectivity, the use of otherness to define one’s own identity and the construction of that otherness in direct association with one’s perceptions of oneself. This essay seeks to trace the interconnectedness of the ideas of reality and perspective in Heart of Darkness with a view to both the process and results ofRead More Light and Dark of Colonialism and Imperialism in Heart of Darkness1542 Words   |  7 PagesThe Light and Dark of Colonialism Exposed in Heart of Darkness       In Heart of Darkness, Joseph Conrad, challenges a dominant view by exposing the evil nature and the darkness associated with the colonialist ventures. It is expressed by Marlow as robbery with violence, aggravated murder on a great scale, and men going at it blind - as it is very proper for those who tackle a darkness. The European colonialists are portrayed as blind lightbearers, people having a faà §ade of progress and cultureRead MoreSimilarities And Differences Between Heart Of Darkness And Apocalypse Now1023 Words   |  5 PagesThe film Apocalypse Now and the novel Heart of Darkness share many similarities including small details, characters, and themes. Both are told from the same type of narrative and have similar settings. There are small differences as well, including the main character’s purpose and how one of the characters dies. The novel is the story of a trip into Africa, which a character is overhearing the retelling of the journey. This is similar to the movie, in which the viewer hears the main character tellRead MoreEssay Symbolism In Heart Of Darkness1077 Words   |  5 PagesConrad’s Heart of Darkness lies a tale saturated with subtle, yet, significant imagery that brings forth the true meaning of the novella. Throughout Heart of Darkness Conrad uses a plethora of simple colors, objects, and places to convey multifaceted images and ideas. His fine execution of the tools of the English language allows him to quickly lure the reader aboard the Nellie and not release him until the horror is over. Although the interpretation of symbols in the Heart of Darkness is elaborate

Comparing Classic Literature to the Lion King Free Essays

The first animated film with sound was the 1928 Disney film Steamboat Willie. Since then, animated movies have been cranked out due to the admiration they receive from children. Disney is known world wide for their animated films. We will write a custom essay sample on Comparing Classic Literature to the Lion King or any similar topic only for you Order Now People love them because of their feel good story lines, astounding use of animation, and largely, the music incorporated into the movies. My generation especially has grown up watching what could arguably be considered â€Å"Disney classics† such as Beauty and the Beast, Aladdin, and The Lion King. Although most people still consider Disney films to be more than appropriate for children, some take a deeper look into possible underlying plots that reveal material that may no longer be deemed acceptable and â€Å"G-Rate†. Robert Gooding Williams, the author of Disney In Africa And The Inner City: On Race And Space In The Lion King, argues that The Lion King depicts urban decline in the United States. â€Å"The Lion King marks the elephant graveyard as inner city. It uses Whoopi Goldberg’s and Cheech Marin’s voices to represent the speech of two of the three prominent hyena characters as Black English and Latino slang respectively,† (Gooding-Williams). He views The Lion King to be degrading to some races with inappropriate themes. Matt Roth, another scholar, argues in his article The Lion King A Short History of Disney-Fascism, that Disney supports monarchism and fascist themes due to the story line of The Lion King. The Lion King echoes all of its fascist themes: hatred of gays, communists, and minorities, and the glorification of violent male initiation and feminine domesticity all set in a bucolic suburban environment under the strong leadership of an all-male state,† (Roth). He argues that Mufasa, the King, rules as a communist or monarchist because all animals in the beginning of the movie bow down to him instead of fleeing from a predator as they would in reality (The Lion King). Annalee Ward, author of the arti cle The Lion King’s Mythic Narrative argues that The Lion King is a biblical narrative that can teach children good moral values. Ward uses the example of Simba, Mufasa’s son, returning home to save the Pride Land from evil, or Scar, Mufasa’s wicked brother, and compares it to the prophecy in the Bible of Jesus returning to save humanity from evil. Although all of these scholars have valid argument that have clear correlations to the movie, an argument that was not presented was how closely The Lion King’s story line matches that of a famous Shakespeare play. I argue that The Lion King does not necessarily have an underlying plot that can only be perceived as our society, but instead is simply based off of Shakespeare’s Hamlet. The overall theme of both Hamlet and The Lion King is about responsibility and revenge. The death of the princes’ fathers leaves both characters extremely downhearted. Hamlet Jr. and Simba both go through a confusing and mournful stage after losing their fathers. At one point in both plots, both Simba and Hamlet Jr. run from their responsibilities although both characters know what they need to do to avenge their fathers deaths. Another key part of the plot is that the two characters both see their father’s spirit, which is a turning point for them to avenge their fathers. Mufasa and Hamlet Sr. lso have striking characteristic resemblance. Both of the kings were killed by their own brothers. As kings, they both ruled their kingdoms with peace and prosperity and were well liked(McElveen). As deceased kings they approach their sons in spirit, but neither tell their son directly to kill their murder (McElveen). Although Hamlet Jr. actually does kill his uncle Claudius, Sca r is killed by the pack of hyenas that at one time served him as their leader and king. Not only do the protagonist allude to each other; the villains in Hamlet and The Lion King can also be compared to each other. Scar and Claudius, brothers of the kings, are both in pursuit to take over the throne. Once they have succeeded in killing off their sibling and taking over the throne, both enjoy the comfortable life of being a king. Claudius holds banquets in his own honor, and marvels at all his materialistic things. Scar allows the hyenas to hunt the Pride Land until every source of food and water has been depleted to almost non-existence while he lounges in his cave eating more than his fair share of food (McElveen). As far as secondary characters goes, The Lion King’s Timon and Pumba allude to Hamlet’s Rosencrantz and Guildenstern. Both pairs of characters act as a relief from the main focus in the story in both works (McElveen). Timon and Pumba introduce a carefree style of living (also famously known as â€Å"Hakuna Mata†) to Simba while Rosencrantz and Guildenstern are friends that Hamlet Jr. enjoys life outside of the royal house (McElveen). A lot of today’s entertainment can be related back to older literature. A lot of today’s literature can also be related to theories on societies, the bible, etc. When experiencing a new piece of literature, music, or film, it is important to keep an open mind. All of these things are considered to be a type of art and art is supposed to be open to interpretation. When interpreting The Lion King and other pieces, there are no wrong answers, just difference in opinions. Works Cited The Lion King. Dir. Roger Allers and Rob Minkoff. Perf. Jonathan Taylor Thomas and Matthew Broderick. Walt Disney Feature Animation, 1994. Videocassette. McElveen, Trey. Hamlet and The Lion King: Shakespearean Influences on Modern Entertainment. Rep. N. p. : n. p. , n. d. 17 Apr. 1998. Web. 19 Apr. 2013. How to cite Comparing Classic Literature to the Lion King, Essays

Thomas Szaszs The Second Skin The Struggle for Definition free essay sample

Whoever reaches the gun first and shoots survives. He who survives, defines the situation for the other. Sass then poses the question, in a dispute between two individuals, specifically child and Mom, who defines the other as troublesome or mentally Ill? Human beings are competing creatures, a victor Is the one who defines a situation for himself and his victim, the definition of the world is decided by the higher person. Not too far from where Sass attended school, stood a statue of Again Semisweet, a Hungarian obstetrician who became known as a 1 9th century martyr of science and research.He discovered that an often fatal childbed fever, very moon among new mothers In hospitals, could very easily be eliminated and prevented if doctors washed their hands before assisting in childbirth. Especially if they had been performing autopsies prior to assisting with the deliveries. After his findings, Semivowels demanded revolution In hospital hygiene, and when It TLD come, he grew hostile towards doctors who ignored his research. We will write a custom essay sample on Thomas Szaszs The Second Skin: The Struggle for Definition or any similar topic specifically for you Do Not WasteYour Time HIRE WRITER Only 13.90 / page His opponents lured him to a mental hospital where his incarceration was arranged. The obstetrician was brutally beaten and put Into a straitjacket, within two weeks he died in that mental hospital. Semisweet had grabbed the gun first aiming at hospital hygiene. He attempted to define the situation by holding up the truth that doctors were not doing enough to protect their patients from harmful bacteria. However. Instead of finding change, he was outnumbered by opponents, the gun taken from him, subjugated and killed. From a martyrs tragic end, a lesson can be learned, according to Sass, that It can be dangerous to be wrong, but to be right when society regards falsehood as truth, could be fatal, especially when those falsehoods define an important part of a societys belief system. Growing up, I would watch my parents struggle for the gun through screaming matches. They fought so hard for definition of each other. When I was eleven, I had been lying in bed with my mum, and she began to tell me things about my Dad I wouldnt have thought much about.She told me that my dad chose his friends and partying over me, that he hit her, that he was in denial over my sister when she was still inside my mums belly and wasnt there when she was born. She told me he wasnt there for us. My mum began to redefine my whole grasp on what my world believe her? I knew there was falsehood in her statements, for example the bit about y dad not being there the day Alexis was born, we were there, I remember standing outside the hospital door with him because they werent together anymore. Even so, I had to call my dad and ask him if it was true.He addressed all of my questions, telling me he never chose anyone over my sister and l, and after much discussion, he told me that he was not going to tell me all the things my Mum had done wrong in their relationship. Then he asked me to think back and tell him if I had remembered any of those things, because I was there. In one night, I found the gun in my lap, and tot parents hovering over each shoulder reaching for it. Not too long after, I had been losing sleep, and my grades began slipping. My teachers would tell my mum that I was spacey most of the time.Once again, my mother tried to define the situation, with concluding that I must have ADD if I was losing interest in schoolwork. So the following week, I found myself sitting in between my parents in the office of a psychiatrist for evaluation, only now not me or my parents were in possession of the gun, it was being casually pointed at me from behind the desk of a man with a diagnosis already in mind before even speaking to e. Every question he asked me, I responded typically, but by the end of the session, I was sent out of the room, and my parents would argue over whether I would be put on medication.My dad was extremely furious and against it. The following weekend, my mum would get a prescription without my dads signature while he was out of town, and begin sneaking it into my food. My mother had gained the upper hand, taken hold of the gun, the last word, and my situation was defined. I do not have ADD. From The Second Sin, to martyrs of science, to two very loving parents who had a id too young, the inevitable struggle for words and definition over each other will always be overwhelming. Most of what my mother had said to me held a lot of falsehood, but to her, it will always be the truth. My dad did have a temper, and he did go out a lot, but he has always loved us like a father should. This world will is made up of victors and victims, and my situation was always defined by my parents because they were above me. I like to think I have become a victor; the life that has been defined me so far has shaped my idea of who I want to be. I will not allow myself to become a victim.

Thursday, April 30, 2020

Spartan Warfare Sparta In The 7th Century BC A New Era Of Warfare Stra

Spartan Warfare Sparta In the 7th Century BC a new era of warfare strategy evolved. Before this new strategy, foot soldiers (known as hoplites) engaged in battle in the form of one mob for each army which on the command of their generals runs at each other and proceeds to hack blindly at the enemy with little to no direction other then to kill the enemy in front of them. This proved to be very messy and the tide of battle depended mostly on emotion and size of an army. In the name of strategy and organization, the phalanx was developed. A phalanx is simply defined as a line formation with its width significantly larger then its depth. The depth of the phalanx is a variable which some suggest was decided by the army itself rather then by the leaders of the army. The smallest depth appears to have been that of one man deep. However this was a unique occurrence which is widely believed to be fictitious. The largest depth is that of 120 men deep which was fielded at one time by the Maced onians. On average, the depth of the phalanx appears to be about eight men deep. During the time of Alexander the Great, the phalanx was believed to be eight men deep, but some argue that it evolved into a sixteen man deep phalanx. The Spartans purposely varied the depth of their phalanx so to confuse the enemy about the number of soldiers fielded. The phalanx proved to be a very valuable weapon for the military at that time. Armies which did not adapt to the phalanx formation were quickly slaughtered. The use of the phalanx allowed the Greeks to win the Persian Wars. ------------------------------------------------------------------------ Many historians believe that the development of the phalanx led directly to social changes occurring throughout Greece during the time of the phalanx's implementation. The phalanx formation allowed men to participate in the military who otherwise could not have because a much smaller investment in weapons and armor was needed to participate in th e phalanx. The combined increase in the number of those participating in the army and the increase in importance of the common foot soldier lead to the common man being increasingly treated better by the ruling classes. Eventually this may have led to the invention of democracy. The most noticeable difference between ancient Greek and modern warfare is the amount of "intelligence" information. Today our military maneuvers are almost exclusively reliant on information we get from satellites, scouts, or spies in the opposition. The ancient Greeks totally ignored this area of military strategy. Countless tales of armies meeting each other by chance or armies passing within miles of each other without knowledge of the other. Intelligence information seemed to have come by chance for the ancient Greeks rather then by conscious effort. ------------------------------------------------------------------------ Surprise is also an element of war which in modern times is taken very se riously and which was taken very lightly in ancient Greece. In fact there is evidence that ancient Greek soldiers raised their voices in the form of a marching song when they were told that an enemy was near and may be caught unprepared. This war song, called a paian, was also used to promote organization in the marching army so that all soldiers would march with an even step. In addition, the paian was used to promote courage and bravery. A paian was also used on ships to announce the nearness of the enemy. When the actual battle was joined the paian turned into a war cry. The Spartans often accompanied the paian with a flute or several flutes. The Spartan King would lead the paian as well. The use of the paian for attack appears to have Dorian roots. The Spartans are usually the ones associated with the use of a paian. Thucydides mentions that when the Dorians, from other city-states, started a paian when they were serving in an Athenian army, fear was struck into the hearts of th e Athenians. ------------------------------------------------------------------------ Finally the sizes of the armies were very different from what we are accustomed to today. We are familiar with armies of tens of thousands, hundreds of thousands, or